This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license http: This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract In many cases of envenoming following snake bite, the snake responsible for the accident remains unidentified; this frequently results in difficulty deciding which antivenom to administer to the systemically-envenomed victim, especially when only monospecific antivenoms are available. Normally the specific diagnosis of snake bite can be conveniently made using clinical and laboratory methods. It is the latter which is the main subject of this review, together with the application of techniques currently used to objectively assess the effectiveness of new and existing antivenoms, to assess first aid measures, to investigate the possible use of such methods in epidemiological studies, and to detect individual venom components.
Staff January 26, The most famous of internet laws is well, most likely Rule The second most commonplace is Rule 63, which dictates that every fictional character has, somewhere, a gender-swapped equivalent. One of the most prevalent examples is in comic books, where every Batman has a Batgirl and every Superman has a Supergirl. Though there are some exceptions, for the most part Rule 63 characters are just really lazy attempts to add sex appeal to popular male characters. It's a shady and sometimes nauseating practice, but it's just so much easier than creating a compelling female character who stands on her own without owing her identity to a man. We've compiled a list of the worst offenders below. And before you soil your browser history in the name of curiosity: